Collection of Prints and Drawings

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Production People
Marcantonio Raimondi (Print made by)artist bio
Raimondi, Marcantonio
b ?Argini, nr Bologna, c. 1470-82; d ?Bologna, 1527-34

Raphael (After)artist bio
Raphael [Santi, Raffaello; Sanzio, Raffaello]
b Urbino, 28 March or 6 April 1483; d Rome, 6 April 1520
Title / Description
The Plague (The Morbetto)
 
Date
c. 1515-16
 
Technique
engraving
Material
paper
Dimensions
198 x 253 mm (sheet, trimmed close to platemark)
Inscriptions
Signed with monogram 'MAF' on a stone at right, inscribed above: 'INV. RAP. VR.', at centre: 'LINQVEBANT/DVLCES ANI/MAS, AVT AE/GRA TRAHE/BANT/CORP', and upper left: 'EFFIGIES SACRAE DIVOM PHRIGI'
State
second state of five
 
Watermark
not visible
Provenance
Nikolaus Esterházy (Lugt 1966)
 
References
Bartsch XIV.314.417 info
Adam Bartsch, Le peintre-graveur, vols. 21, Vienna 1803-21

Passavant VI.24.127 info
Johann David Passavant, Le peintre-graveur, 6 vols., Leipzig 1860-64

Delaborde 1888, no. 189 info
Henri Delaborde, Marc-Antoine Raimondi: Étude historique et critique suivie d'un catalogue raisonné des oeuvres du maitre, Paris 1888

Shoemaker 1981, no. 31 info
Innis H. Shoemaker, The Engravings of Marcantonio Raimondi, exhibition catalogue, Kansas, Spencer Museum of Art 1981

Rome 1985, p. 233, no. III.1 (second state of five) info
Grazia Bernini Pezzini, Stefania Massari et al., Raphael invenit: Stampe da Raffaello nelle collezioni dell'Istituto Nazionale per la Grafica, exhibition catalogue, Rome, Calcografia Nazionale 1985

Höper 2001, no. A 91.1 info
Corinna Höper, Raffael und die Folgen: Das Kunstwerk in Zeitaltern seiner graphischen Reproduzierbarkeit, exhibition catalogue, Stuttgart, Staatsgalerie Stuttgart 2001
 
Comment
The print is remarkable for its pictorial effects and painterly handling. The inscription comes from Canto III of the Aeneid. The Italian title of the print refers to its small size. Raphael's drawing at Windsor, Royal Library (inv. no. 0117) corresponds closely to the background landscape of the engraving, in reverse. According to Carolyn H. Wood in Shoemaker 1981, the Windsor drawing was not Marcantonio Raimondi's source but was incorporated into the fully developed Uffizi drawing of the entire composition, attributed to Raphael's workshop (inv. no. 525E). It may have been designed specifically for Marcantonio to engrave. Stefania Massari in Raphael invenit dated the print to c. 1512-13.
 
Inventory Number
5786
 
Classification
Prints: Italian: 16th century: Mounted II
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